Iran is facing an exacerbating water crisis. This crisis has become one of the greatest challenges of the country.
The country has six watersheds which at the current moment, are faced with drought, water shortage, or dehydration crises.
From the Iranian opposition group, MEK Iran, inform that each year, 20 billion cubic meters of natural resources and groundwater are being extracted. If this situation continues during the next 20 years,the water resources will be destroyed and there will be no trace of agriculture around the Zagros mountain range.
IssaKalantari, the head of the Department of Environment, has indicated that the water war between the provinces of Isfahan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Yazd, Khuzestan and Lorestan, has started. According to Kalantari,this was will become inter-village.
The inappropriate use of renewable water
At least 70% of the water in Iran is used for agriculture, 22% for industry and 8% for drinking and sanitation.
According to the MEK Iran, the country is using more than 100% of its renewable water capacity, despite the fact that it must use only 40%.
Experts say that if this trend continues, the east and south of Iran will be totally deserted. This will cause a migration of50 million people.
Sources of the MEK Iran reveal that due to drought, 40 to 50% of the villages’ residents in Sistan and Baluchestan province are migrating.
Iran had 500 billion cubic meters of fossil water resources. 300 billion cubic meters were salty and 200 billion cubic meters were sweet. The country has wasted 200 billion cubic meters of it.
Iran is ranked 132nd among 133 countries in the water resources management index. This means that all rivers, lakes, wetlands, aquifers and plains of the country face lack of optimal water allocation and land resources.
From MEK Iran claim that 96 billion cubic meters of water is consumed annually in Iran and the total renewable water resources are equal to 90 billion cubic meters. This has resulted in a water bankruptcy.
The cause of the water crisis
The loss of more than 80 percent of water resources in the Iranian agriculture sector are a result of the improper agricultural development. Farms are still irrigated in a backward manner. Furthermore, this leads to 54-55 billion cubic meters of annual water waste.
Another cause of Iranian water crises are dams, wells, and factories with high water consumption. Dams have been built irregularly, which resulted in destroyed forests, wetlands, rivers and lakes.
How to resolve the water crisis?
According to MEK Iran, the first step to resolving the Iranian water crisis is to invest in the agriculture sector. A great quantity of water will be saved with the mechanization of Iran’s agriculture with drip irrigation and a pressurized system.
There is not even a seasonal river or a lake in Persian Gulf countries. The climate in these countries, compared to Iran is much drier. The water in these countries is supplied by the Persian Gulf.
From MEK Iran indicate on their social media profiles, that by investing in the water sector, it is save the land of Iran from extinction and destruction.
Due to lack of water, millions of Iranians are forced to pass many kilometers and go to the slums or large cities. Also, thousands of villages are currently supplied with drinking water by tankers.