Types of Asphalt Paving

What Are the Different Types of Asphalt Paving?

What are the different types of Asphalt Paving? This article will explain the differences between Porous, Hot mix, and Cold mix and explain how each type is applied. In addition, you will learn about the binder course. Once you have a basic understanding of how each type is applied, you can decide if a particular type of asphalt paving is best for your application. Ultimately, you will need to make a decision based on the type of asphalt, slope, and budget.

Cold Mix

CMB (Cold Mix Asphalt) is a versatile and durable paving material. It has the ability to self-heal and resist cracking, making it a great choice for roads with moderate traffic volume and substandard base. Although CMB is often considered a low-tech material, recent technical advances have allowed manufacturers to reformulate mixtures with eco-friendly additives. Today, cold mix materials are much more durable than previous generations.

RAP processing requirements are similar to those for recycled hot mix, but the finished product is graded and incorporated into cold mix asphalt paving mixtures as an aggregate substitute. The process of recycling material is costly, and requires a surface miner and specialized equipment. RoadstaB Technology recommends using emulsion bitumen or foam bitumen for cold mix asphalt paving. Moreover, it does not offer the same strength benefits as hot mix asphalt.


Because of its porous properties, porous asphalt paving can reduce stormwater loads and flooding, as well as raising water tables and replenishing aquifers. Porous asphalt pavements were first installed at the Walden Pond State Reservation in 1977. Since then, this environmentally-friendly paving method has helped reduce pollution and erosion while reducing the need for road salt. This environmentally friendly paving method has been used in various applications in urban and rural areas, including construction sites, public and private roads, and at fire halls.

Porous asphalt paving is a green solution to stormwater management. This environmentally friendly paving option reduces runoff and eliminates the need for large detention basins. Porous asphalt pavements are also more energy-efficient, requiring less energy to manufacture and produce. Additionally, they do not release harmful emissions or odors, making them a green alternative to conventional paving methods. Porous asphalt pavements can also be used to prevent stormwater overflows, which can lead to local government fines and repairs. In addition to these benefits, porous asphalt pavements reduce noise.


The predose for asphalt paving process creates a concrete mix composed of aggregates. These materials are mixed together in the correct proportion and weighed with the aid of a belt weighing instrument. Aggregate components are then dried at a temperature of approximately 300 degrees, and then reweighed. Once this step is complete, the dry aggregates are stored in silos. Afterwards, they are reclaimed for use in other projects.

A maintenance mix is composed of asphalt emulsion, mineral aggregate, and a medium volatility diluent. Maintenance mix is positioned and compacted by appropriate methods. Asphalt cement and NMAS have different densities, and aggregates should be no more than one sieve size smaller. In addition to the predose process, asphalt pavement can be laid using appropriate methods, such as mechanical spreaders attached to dump trucks.

Binder Course

In constructing an asphalt paving project, the Binder course is an important component of the pavement. Depending on the use of the road, it may be composed of crushed stone, gravel, sand, or a combination of these materials. Asphalt is then applied to the base course, and the whole structure is paved. The binder course is the structural layer between the base course and the surface course. This course provides strength and stability to the asphalt pavement, and helps reduce rutting.

The Binder course is sometimes called the base coat. It consists of hot mix asphalt and aggregates that must have sufficient strength to resist traffic and seasonal changes. The aggregates in the binder should be at least three-fourths of an inch in size. The amount of binder should be based on the type of traffic that the road will receive and the amount of vehicles that will be traveling on it. Finally, the surface course is laid to provide a smooth, level surface.

Construction Quality

The APAI Quality Pavement Awards recognize outstanding projects in asphalt paving. Contractors may submit projects other than INDOT projects. In order to qualify, projects must have been completed during the calendar year in question. Judges from APAI staff and member panels evaluate submitted projects. Each project is assessed for the difficulty and quality of construction. Winners of the Quality Pavement Awards will be announced at the Winter Conference. APAI members and staff review and judge all submissions.

A quality control system was developed to measure and monitor key parameters of asphalt paving construction. It measures key construction quality indicators, such as mixing temperature, density, and HMA gradation. The system was installed at an asphalt paving construction project in Yunnan Province. The project began in May 2015 and was completed in November 2015. The system was operational in late August 2015.


Potholes in asphalt paving can occur for a number of reasons. Excessive fatigue cracking makes it easier for water to penetrate the subgrade and accelerate the deterioration process. Excessive fatigue cracking makes the pavement vulnerable to water and can lead to dislodged chunks of pavement. It can also be caused by traffic, especially heavy trucks. Excessive fatigue cracking and dislodged pavement can lead to potholes. Asphalt pavements can degrade and crack due to many factors, including freezing and melting ground water. If the surface of the driveway is not repaired immediately, the cracks will continue to deteriorate. In addition, the patch will not solve the problem, and the area around the patch will degrade until another larger repair is required. Because of this, pothole repairs are generally used if you have extensive work planned within a few years.

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